Monday, September 15, 2014

"Special Report: Catholic Establishment Media"

[Rules 7-9]

Seventh Anniversary of Summórum Pontíficum

"I will go in unto the Altar of God
To God, Who giveth joy to my youth"

Tridentine Community News (September 14, 2014):
Today is the seventh anniversary of the effective date of Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI’s Motu Proprio, Summórum Pontíficum, which freed any priest to celebrate the Extraordinary Form of Holy Mass without requiring his bishop’s permission. The surge in availability of the Tridentine Mass following this legislation is testimony to the need that it fulfilled.

Summórum has also had a cascading effect on surrounding issues, such as the resurgence of interest in Gregorian Chant, chanting the Propers of the Mass in the Ordinary Form, quality of sacred vestments, and the architecture of new and renovated churches.

Kindly include our retired Holy Father in your prayers. He remains supportive of the Extraordinary Form, as evidenced by his recent visit with leaders of Juventútem and the annual October Summórum Pontíficum Pilgrimage to Rome.

Liturgical Conference in Chicago

St. John Cantius Church in Chicago will be hosting a three day conference on the Sacred Liturgy Friday-Sunday, October 3-5, with an emphasis on the Extraordinary Form. Details and registration information are available at:

USCCB Revises Its Position on Kneeling for Holy Communion

An interesting discovery was made this week by Corpus Christi Watershed’s Jeff Ostrowski. In 2012, the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops quietly revised its earlier policy which stated that standing was the normative posture for reception of Holy Communion in the United States, and that members of the faithful who preferred to kneel were to be “catechized” about the norms. Since those words were published in 2003, the Vatican’s Congregation for Divine Worship has responded to numerous queries about this norm, always supporting the right of the faithful to receive the Sacrament in the traditional posture of kneeling. The USCCB ultimately changed its norm, as explained in the January, 2012 USCCB Newsletter of the Committee on Divine Worship: “In the current edition [of the General Instruction for the Roman Missal], the exhortation to catechesis is removed and the exception to the norm of standing is left to the discretion of the faithful: ‘unless an individual member of the faithful wishes to receive Communion while kneeling.’”

Many parishes in North America are adding Communion Rails and/or restoring the practice of kneeling to receive Holy Communion. Locally, Mother of Divine Mercy Parish will now be distributing at the rail at all Masses, Ordinary and Extraordinary Form, at all three of its churches, St. Josaphat, St. Joseph, and Sweetest Heart of Mary. Other parishes already so doing include Old St. Mary’s, Holy Family, and Assumption Grotto in Detroit, Ss. Cyril & Methodius in Sterling Heights, and St. Edward on the Lake in Lakeport.

Weekday Tridentine Masses to Remain at St. Joseph

The Facebook page for St. Joseph Church reports that while Sunday Tridentine Masses have returned to St. Josaphat Church, Monday and First Friday Tridentine Masses will remain at St. Joseph Church.

Cáveat emptor: The September 7 Mother of Divine Mercy Parish Bulletin reports that Monday Masses are also moving to St. Josaphat, though nothing has yet been said about First Fridays. We believe the Facebook information is correct, however.

Ss. Cyril & Methodius Tridentine Masses to End

Ss. Cyril & Methodius Church in Sterling Heights will be ending their weekly Saturday 6:00 PM Tridentine Mass at some point in October. Celebrant availability challenges are the reason.

Finding celebrants for our local Extraordinary Form Masses is the single biggest challenge we face. The priest shortage makes it difficult for even those priests who want to help us to find time to do so. All the more reason for all of us to pray and work for vocations to the sacred priesthood.

Tridentine Masses This Coming Week
  • Mon. 09/15 7:00 PM: Low Mass at St. Joseph (Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary)
  • Tue. 09/16 7:00 PM: Low Mass at St. Benedict/Assumption-Windsor (Ss. Cornelius, Pope & Cyprian, Martyrs)
  • Sat. 09/20 8:00 AM: Low Mass at Our Lady of the Scapular, Wyandotte (St. Eustache & Companions, Martyrs)
[Comments? Please e-mail Previous columns are available at This edition of Tridentine Community News, with minor editions, is from the St. Albertus (Detroit), Academy of the Sacred Heart (Bloomfield Hills), and Assumption (Windsor) bulletin inserts for September 14, 2014. Hat tip to A.B., author of the column.]

Sunday, September 14, 2014

Tridentine Masses coming this week to the metro Detroit and southeastern Michigan area

Tridentine Masses This Coming Week

Monday, September 08, 2014

The parade, the cardinal, and the frolicking sodomites

I heard a lengthy (and lively) discussion of this on Al Kresta on Catholic radio recently on the way home from work. It seems to have touched a nerve. While most people have seemed willing to give the cardinal a pass for many of his earlier dubious remarks, this decision seems to have marked a tipping point. Whether it will trigger a Catholic uprising remains to be seen, but Michael Voris' indignation and outrage come pretty close. [Advisory: Rules 7-9]

Update: Bill Donnohue, "More Gay Groups Apply to March"(Catholic League, September 9, 2014).

"Not persecution"? InterVarsity "derecognized" as student organization on Cal State campuses

Ed Stetzer, "InterVarsity "Derecognized" at California State University's 23 Campuses: Some Analysis and Reflections" (Christianity Today, September 6, 2014):
InterVarsity Christian Fellowship (IVCF) has been, in modern campus terminology, “derecognized” by California State University schools. Basically, they will no longer be a recognized campus organization on any of the 23 schools in that system. IVCF has been derecognized because they require their leaders to have Christian beliefs.

It's not just InterVarsity that will be impacted. Following the same logic, any group that insists on requiring its leaders to follow an agreed upon set of guiding beliefs is no longer kosher (irony intended) at California's state universities. This will impact many other faith-based organizations with actual, well, faith-based beliefs. Presumably, even People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals would have to allow Oscar Meyer to lead their campus chapters.

Only in a modern American university would this make any sense.

Now, it’s not persecution. Christians are not banned. People can share their faith. But, now, what we once called “equal access” has taken another hit—people of faith do not have equal access to the university community, like the environmentalist club, the LGBT organization, or the chess club.
Read the details here >>

In Defense of Christians: Six patriarchs of Middle East gather in DC

September 8, 2014, Monday — Six Patriarchs
Six of the patriarchs of the Christian Churches of the Middle East will be, for the first time ever, gathered together in the United States for the next three days. They will be meeting in Washington D.C. starting tomorrow.
This is important because the presence of the Christian community in the entire Middle East is now threatened, with hundreds of thousands fleeing the region, and thousands killed by the radical Islamic fighters of "ISIS" ("The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria").
Washington Summit to Call Attention to Plight of Christians in the Middle East
Historic Gathering Will Feature Patriarchs from Middle East, Lawmakers and International Human Rights Activists
Washington – The deteriorating situation facing millions of Christians and other religious minorities in the Middle East will be the focus of a bipartisan and ecumenical conference in the nation's capital.
The three-day event sponsored by In Defense of Christians (IDC) will feature speakers from all over the globe.
The IDC Summit for Middle East Christians, whose theme is “Protecting and Preserving Christianity, Where It All Began”, will be the first occasion in history where six Christian Patriarchs from the Middle East will gather together in the United States.
IDC President Toufic Baaklini said, “For too long, Westerners have stood by, silent or unaware, while Christians and other groups in the Middle East have endured discrimination, persecution, and religious cleansing. Today, as the Islamic State continues its genocidal campaign against Christians in Iraq and Syria, the globe is finally awakening to their plight. IDC exists to give voice to these voiceless people. In this hour of their greatest peril, they are in desperate need of support. We must act now.”
Baaklini stated: “To this end, IDC is hosting a historic global Summit for Middle East Christians, September 9-11, in Washington, D.C.
This summit will empower the Middle Eastern Christian Diaspora and energize the American people to stand in solidarity the ancient Christian communities of the Middle East. Their survival is vital to stability in the region, and their ability to flourish in their countries of origin has national security implications for the United States.”
Summit attendees will have the opportunity to meet with Members of Congress and their staff, policy makers, diplomats, human rights activists, and religious leaders. Speakers include:
* Maronite Patriarch Cardinal Rai;
* Syriac Patriarch Ignatius Aphrem II;
* Archbishop of Washington Donald Cardinal Wuerl;
* Leonardo Cardinal Sandri of the Vatican’s Prefect of the Congregation for
Oriental Churches;
* Senator Ted Cruz (R-TX);
* Senator Debbie Stabenow (R-MI);
* Congresswoman Anna Eshoo (D-CA);
* Congressman Ted Deutch (D-FL);
* Congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL);
* Dr. James Zogby; and
* Nina Shea, Director of the Hudson Institute’s Center for Religious Freedom.

In Defense of Christians (IDC) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization committed to the preservation and protection of Christians in the Middle East.

2000 Pennsylvania Avenue, Suite 325, Washington, D.C. 20006
CONTACT: Joseph Cella

[Hat tip to S.F.] 

Sunday, September 07, 2014

Zmirak's "myth" of Catholic social teaching

Some readers may remember earlier discussions of Zmirak, such as "Integralism vs Liberty ('the god that failed')" (Musings, February 12, 2014), which referenced his piece on "Illiberal Catholicism" (Aleteia, December 31. 2013).

Whether you agree with him or not (I don't), Zmirak's articles are often "arresting," as one of my readers put it; and in relation to this piece, he added: "Of course, you do wonder where one line stops and another starts. Witness capital punishment, inerrancy, missions...."

John Zmirak, "The Myth of Catholic Social Teaching" (The Catholic Thing, August 30, 2014) [Advisory: Rules 7-9]:
Self-styled Catholic critics of the free market and “Americanism” have adopted the term “social Magisterium” to suggest that there is a coherent and morally binding body of papal teaching on politics and economics, from which we can derive specific policy initiatives and firmly condemn alternatives as “un-Catholic” or even (that dreaded word) “dissenting.”

Hence defenders of market economics, or opponents of mass immigration, can be tarred with the same brush as those who favor women’s ordination or homosexuality. Indeed, if we accept the premise of a “social magisterium,” we are led to believe that we can actually build up a detailed Catholic political economy that is a “third way” between capitalism and socialism, which bravely “cuts across” the lines dividing Left and Right, and between America’s political parties.

We can start, of course, with Belloc and Chesterton, who laid the groundwork for an officially Catholic system of economics, distributism. We can move forward bravely by reading the fruits of bishops’ conferences and statements by the Vatican’s various social justice officers. As we proceed, compiling divinely approved answers to each burning current question, we can fill in the empty spaces of politics and economics, then present it to a rudderless world like a completed crossword puzzle.

I won’t spend time here talking about the practical effects of such talk in Catholic circles. My hope is that it has none – that patriotic, prolife Catholics simply ignore the posturing that fills the blogosphere, the tortured statements that emerge from bishops’ conferences, the rants of leftist, anti-Semitic cardinals, and the questionably translated fruits of interviews with the pope.

I hope this not simply because I want people to vote against the persecutors of the Church, to whom the rise of illiberal Catholicism gives active aid and comfort, but for a much more important reason: the explosion of irrational and false political statements that carry some vague imprimatur of Church authority will undermine people’s faith: “If I have to believe that nonsense to really be Catholic….”

But there are smart, sincere people out there who struggle seriously with the idea that the papacy is a 2,000-year-old Delphic oracle, that a “spirit-led Magisterium” inspires and guards from error the statements of popes about economics and politics. Even if such statements are not infallible, we are obliged to grant them a docile “religious submission,” as we are to other non- ex cathedra assertions of Catholic teaching. Or so people say.

... But is it true? Is there a “spirit-led” “social Magisterium” that works by accretion over the centuries, gradually building up a coherent, defensible program of economics and politics, which can be drawn by simply reading what popes have said and fitting those statements together like Lego blocks, to construct a Catholic city? Is that what Jesus intended to give us when He founded the papacy?

If we really believe that, and expect every Catholic to form his views accordingly, then we should be able to survey papal statements over the centuries on economics and politics, and find in them the same exquisite consistency we see in papal teachings about the natures of Jesus Christ and the sacraments – the slow, organic unfolding of that divine revelation which ended with the death of St. John the Apostle.

If we found that this was not true, that papal social teaching did not exhibit the same crystalline integrity, we might be tempted to leave the Church – or else to descend into cognitive dissonance, in bad faith blocking out or distorting the inconvenient facts of history, to cling to a “faith” that has morphed into a modern-style ideology. I am not sure which of those two temptations would be more deadly, to abandon faith or to corrupt it.

But those are not the only choices. A third way is to see Catholic social teaching not as analogous to Eucharistic doctrine and Marian dogmas, but as something much more akin to the Catholic literary tradition – a treasure trove of often-brilliant insights and deep investigations into the best ways for men to live which claims our respectful attention.

... I will not catalog every assertion by any pope that makes modern Catholics cringe. Some quite liberal Catholics did compile a book like that: Rome Has Spoken. Its authors intended to minimize papal authority to a vanishing point, to remove it from faith and morals as well. Their case is overstated. But the statements they collected on politics and economics ought to give pause to anyone who asserts that Jesus meant to make the popes political and economic oracles. In attempting to discern God’s will from the evidence of history, these cases demand our candid reflection, not tortured, last-ditch defenses of preconceived ideas.

Here is a short (and non-exhaustive) list of issues on which, over the course of time, papal positions have made what can only be honestly called a 180-degree reversal. Entire scholarly books have been written to explain how and why – and sometimes to suggest that “development of doctrine” can be stretched to accommodate such reversals.

I do not have space here to argue why such rationalizations are unconvincing. Suffice it to say that the plain meaning of “development” suggests something organic, not a Hegelian dialectical leap from “A” to “the opposite of A,” not even one that happens gradually over centuries. When a tadpole turns into a Steinway grand piano, that’s not an organic development.
Zmirak procedes to itemize "reversals" of papal positions on lending at interest, slavery, religious liberty, and torture, and concludes by stating that our Lord "never meant to leave behind an oracle. When we invent one for our convenience, we are forging a golden calf."

Of course, in his own case, all of this just happens to be jolly convenient.

[Hat tip to JM]

The quotable Fr. Rutler

Whether you agree or not, you're likely as I to find this an amusing provocation: Fr. George W. Rutler, "Benedict XVI: Pope as Prophet" (Crisis, August 25, 2014):
Should the God of Love call Benedict first to his heavenly home where humility’s only advertisement is the peace which passes all understanding, may Francis or another successor of Peter, declare Benedict a Doctor of the Church. Of one thing we may be certain: like the bold prophet Jeremiah, the benign prophet Benedict will never say in this world or from the next, “I told you so.” Reality has said that already by events more than words.
[Hat tip to JM]

"Cheesy rad-trad pulp horror fiction"

The courier arrived in a tux with a wax-sealed letter on a silver tray, his black limo running outside. Beside the letter was a poured glass of Laphroaig 18 year single malt. Neat. How he knew my palate I couldn't tell you. But the letter was from Guy Noir - Private Eye, my underground correspondent I keep on retainer in an Atlantic seaboard city that knows how to keep its secrets.

From the letter's contents, I inferred that he must have been drinking when he wrote it. If he wasn't, he should have. Scrawled across the top of the page in black ink clearly written with a quill were the words "Windswept House." Then the letter itself, in his flowing and florid hand:
I hate to be glum. And I would love for someone -- anyone? -- to weigh in with a convincing counter to this piece that delivers propositional punch and visceral evisceration. Yes, it is reactionary. Those Rad Trads at Christian Order, I know.... It makes Malachi Martin’s novel scenarios seem like cheesy pulp horror films from our high schools days, doesn’t it? And yet, it all seems as believable as not. Salt Lake City has its own seagull monument, but I don't think it really fits with something like this:

“In late January 2013 a dove of peace released by Benedict was viciously attacked and taken out by a seagull. Weeks later and more ominously, within hours of the papal resignation two huge lightning bolts struck the dome of St Peter's. The following January, two white doves of peace were chased and hacked within an inch of their lives by a big black crow and a seagull after their release by Francis, as a huge Angelus crowd looked on in horror. And once again the minor portent was soon magnified, when a 21-year-old man was crushed to death after a massive iron cross erected in 2005 in honour of John Paul II collapsed, just a week before that problematic pontiff's canonisation.”

Read on:
So. Anyone like to provide something snappy and upbeat to help our poor, depressed correspondent? Is this a job for ... Superman? Mark Shea? David Armstrong? Anything better than a sparkling sing-along with Monty Python's "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life"? or Bobby McFerrin's "Don't worry, Be Happy"?

Egoism: Me, myself, and I

"Follow your passion. It will lead you to your purpose."

-- Oprah Winfrey

"Follow your constellation and you cannot fail to reach your port of glory."

--Brunetto Latini (in the Seventh Circle of Hell)

"The pre-Conciliar practice was much sounder"

Boniface, "Alternatives to Conventional RCIA" (Unam Sanctam Catholicam, August 26, 2014).

Anyone who has been through the program of RCIA, with almost no exceptions, can tell you that he is 200% right. RCIA actually deters some Christians from becoming Catholics, in many cases not because their understandings are too "Protestant," but because the RCIA's presentations are too "Protestant," if not "New Age" or "Care Bear" fluff.

The author notes:
First of all, it must be noted that there is really no legitimate way to "get rid" of RCIA. The Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults is mandated from the highest levels of ecclesiastical authority and there is no Diocese in the West where it is not pushed by the local Ordinary. Attempts to abolish or ignore RCIA will be met with stern resistance from even the most traditional minded bishops.
Then, along the way, this characteristic admission:
We can see at once that from a pastoral perspective, the pre-Conciliar practice was much sounder.
As an afterthought, I cannot help thinking the photograph posted at the top of his article was quite intentional, given the subject and his subsequent defection from the Faith.

[Hat tip to JM]

The "striking clarity and uncompromising straight-forwardness" of the Pope

Boniface, "The Great Pius X" (Unam Sanctam Catholicam, August 20, 2014), uncompromising even when, by today's standards, doubtless "incomprehensible," not to mention controversial.

[Hat tip to JM]

Extraordinary Community News: EWTN Bus Tour Report

"I will go in unto the Altar of God
To God, Who giveth joy to my youth"

Tridentine Community News (September 7, 2014):
Over 110 people participated in Prayer Pilgrimage’s August 25-29 bus tour to the American South. Pictures tell the story better than words. Our first stop was the new Fathers of Mercy Chapel in Auburn, Kentucky. Built in 2008, the chapel is designed in a traditional style, with a High Altar, Communion Rail, and elaborate artwork throughout. The adjacent photo shows the High Altar set up for the Tridentine Mass which was offered as part of the tour.

Two churches were visited in Nashville, then it was off for two days at EWTN. The first day was spent at the expansive Shrine of the Blessed Sacrament / Our Lady of Angels Monastery in Hanceville, a rural town one hour north of Birmingham, Alabama. Mother Angelica’s nuns live here. Five wealthy families donated the over-$50 million it cost to build this magnificent complex, a true shrine to Catholic tradition. The main church is the site of televised Benedictions and Extraordinary Form Masses. Our tour group had a Tridentine Mass in the lower level church, where the crypts of the nuns are located.

The next day was spent at EWTN network headquarters in Irondale, a suburb of Birmingham. We were given a backstage tour of the production facilities and attended a broadcast of the EWTN Live talk show. Apparently our group was one of the larger pilgrimages the network had seen. This author took the opportunity to meet with network executives, who conveyed their support for the continued production of Extraordinary Faith.

Our next stop was Atlanta, where we visited the Cathedral of Christ the King, a rare Cathedral located in a posh suburb. Mass in the Extraordinary Form was offered at downtown Atlanta’s Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. A surreal moment was experienced at the Peachtree Mall food court: The city was host to an enormous comic book and gaming convention, with hundreds of attendees walking around town in costume as various superhero characters. How often does one see a group of Latin Mass fans dining alongside Wonder Woman and Spider Man?

On Friday we traveled to Cincinnati, Ohio and its Windsor-like neighbor across the Ohio River, Covington, Kentucky. Mass in the Ordinary Form was offered at the artistically ornate Mother of God Church, with its colorful murals depicting the Joyful Mysteries of the Holy Rosary.

The last stop was St. Francis de Sales Church, designed by the same architect behind Detroit’s St. Joseph Church. Like St. Joseph, St. Francis’ High Altar is five steps up rather than the usual three, with an enormous and elaborate reredos.

We hope you can join us on a future inspirational pilgrimage!

Tridentine Masses This Coming Week
  • Mon. 09/08 7:00 PM: Low Mass at St. Joseph (Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary)
  • Tue. 09/02 7:00 PM: High Requiem Mass at St. Benedict/Assumption-Windsor (Daily Mass for the Dead)
  • Sun. 09/14 9:30 AM: High Mass at St. Josaphat – (Exaltation of the Holy Cross) – Sunday Tridentine Masses return to St. Josaphat and will no longer be held regularly at St. Joseph Church
[Comments? Please e-mail Previous columns are available at This edition of Tridentine Community News, with minor editions, is from the St. Albertus (Detroit), Academy of the Sacred Heart (Bloomfield Hills), and Assumption (Windsor) bulletin inserts for September 7, 2014. Hat tip to A.B., author of the column.]

Saturday, September 06, 2014

Tridentine Masses coming to the metro Detroit and east Michigan area this week

Tridentine Masses This Coming Week

Charles James' critique of Bernard Longergan

[This is hopefully the first in a series of critical readings of Nouvelle theologians that we hope to offer. Suggestions are welcome.]

Charles James, "Falling Into Subjectivism" (New Oxford Review, September 2003). Charles James, a convert from Anglicanism, is an Associate Professor of Philosophy, Academic Dean, and Provost at St. Patrick’s Seminary in Menlo Park, California.

In a breathless article published in Crisis magazine (Feb. 2003), Michael Novak canonizes Jesuit theologian Bernard Lonergan (1904-1984) as the St. Thomas Aquinas of our time. But Novak’s applause is so loud that the reader may overlook a vital point: Lonergan’s Kantianism gets the best of his Thomism, forcing him into the dead end of subjectivism. Lonergan’s philosophy rests ultimately on human experience rather than on a sturdy philosophy of being.

Novak is not alone in his praise of Lonergan. Workshops on Lonergan’s thought are held all over the world. He is studied in major seminaries in the U.S., Canada, and Latin America. Boston College has long been a teaching center for his theology and philosophy. The Lonergan Research Institute in Toronto is busy publishing an edition of Lonergan’s writings on theology, philosophy, economics, education, and religion. The Institute’s scholarly journal, Method, is devoted to international Lonerganian research. There are even plans to create an icon of Lonergan!

Why do Novak and others offer such obeisance to Lonergan? First, for many theologians, the most attractive aspect of Lonergan’s thought is the new foundation he offers them. For theologians who long ago jettisoned the Thomistic philosophy of being, Lonergan offers a new grounding for theology. He seems to give us a new apologetic. Faced with the myriad of theological methods, he appears to provide a systematic and comprehensive approach to theology. Yet this new foundation is flawed in its fundamental structure. Second, he expresses his theology in the jargon of existentialism and phenomenology, the current lingua franca of the intellectual elite. Intent on communicating with contemporary intellectuals, many Catholic theologians replace the traditional language of Catholic philosophy with this new jargon. However, their flawed method keeps them from reaching their laudable goal. What they gain in communication they lose in substance. The language of experience never substitutes for the language of being. Third, although Lonergan uses the language of contemporary philosophy, he maintains many Thomistic terms. However, these terms are re-defined in order to support his experiential theory of knowledge. Let me focus on two of Lonergan’s central terms.

The monumental creativity of Lonergan’s thought revolves around his notion of “insight” and “conversion.” Insight was the central idea of Lonergan’s magnum opus, Insight: A Study of Human Understanding (1957). This is the work mentioned in Novak’s article which impacted him so significantly as a theology student in Rome. He tells us that he and his fellow seminarians were “abuzz with the impending publication of Insight….”

The other central term is “conversion.” In his 1972 work Method in Theology, Lonergan displays a more obvious subjectivism as he tries to validate Christian doctrines by an appeal to the experience of conversion. Is it because Method so clearly betrays Lonergan’s false starting point that Novak fails to mention this work? Certainly Method has had a greater impact on theology than Insight. In Method Lonergan uses his experiential notion of conversion as a criterion of truth in theology, clearly basing doctrine on the weak foundation of a religious experience. Does the reluctance to compare Insight and Method, to read them together, bespeak an unease that Lonerganian theologians have with the intensified subjectivism of their master’s later work?

Lonergan’s work is of a piece. Certainly there is development and corrections are made, and certainly his entire corpus represents innumerable subject areas. Yet when read together one sees that Insight and Method share a common root. Method only develops and centralizes the experiential starting point of Insight. Method applies the notion of insight to the religious life by giving it a criterial importance in theology. The Lonerganian notion of conversion is religious insight writ large. It is easy to overlook the subjectivist consequences of Insight, as well as the weak philosophical roots of Method, if these books are not read together.